Talleyrand, The Prince of diplomats


Biographical Notices about People around Talleyrand

André Beau
Conférence donnée à CHATEAUVIEUX (Loir & Cher), le 5 mars 1999.


Alexander I

Born in 1777, Tsar of all Russians from 1801 to 1825, date of his death. He is an elegant, gracious, witty character. In this he resembles Talleyrand, and Napoleon says about him: "beware of him".

Bonaparte's friend in 1801, the murder of the Duke of Enghien and the first imperial conquests push him to the coalition side. The Congress of Erfurt (1808) is for him the occasion of plotting with Talleyrand whose privileged guest he will be in Paris in 1814. Talleyrand will convince him of accepting Louis XVIII' s return.

He tries to annex Poland at the Congress of Vienna, which brings him Metternich's enmity, among others.

The liberal ideas of the beginning of his reign are followed by a despotic behaviour, troubled by a mystic devotion, which will lead him to dark premonitions.
 

Adolphe de BACOURT

Adolphe Fourier de Bacourt was born in Nancy in 1800. He enters upon the diplomatic career at the age of 21. Already in 1822 he is attached to the legation of Sweden, then the following year to the Holland' s.

At the outbreak of the Revolution in 1830, he is dismissed but soon called back to replace the incapable man in the diplomatic service in La Haye, Bertin de Vaux. Due to his hability, he is named second secretary to the London Embassy, with Talleyrand, from November 1830 on.

A profitable understanding takes place between both men and more between Bacourt and the Duchess of Dino, at the peak of her splendour and influence on her uncle. This non exclusive relationship is going to last over 30 years and give us the texts of the " Chronique" of the Duchess, a work mainly composed of extracts from the letters between her faithful correspondent and herself.

Bacourt, helped in this by the Prince, leaves London for Karlsruhe in 1835. There he makes friends with the princely and cosmopolitic society of Baden-Baden. Present in Paris at Talleyrand's death, he is entrusted with the task of keeping and classifying all the papers from 1841 on. In perfect entente with Madame de Dino.

At the time of the printing of the Mémoires there is an important polemic about their authenticity, initiated by the Duke of Broglie in 1891.

Bacourt dies in Nancy in 1865, three years after his dear friend.
 

Prosper, Baron of BARANTE

Known as a literary and political man, Prosper de Barante was born in Riom in 1782. Son of the Geneva prefect, he falls in love for the first time with nobody less than the famous Germaine de Staël, already very adulated in this year 1805. In 1807, he strikes up a friendship with the disturbing Madame de Récamier, who it seems has nothing else to offer her admirers.

Barante makes himself known in literarure very soon, encouraged by Madame de Staël. Senior member of the Council of State from 1806 on, he is in charge of diverse missions in Spain, in Danzig, in Warsaw and in Silesia.

Prefect of Vendée in 1809, then of Loire-inférieure in 1813, he becomes under the Restoration liberal deputy and general director of indirect taxation. Devoting a great part of his time to historical works, he is named, during Louis-Philippe's reign, ambassador to Turin (1830) and later to Saint Petersburg (1835).

Prolific writer, he leaves a monumental History of the Dukes of Burgundy of the House of Valois and Souvenirs including a great number of letters written either to Talleyrand or to Madame de Dino.

Peer of France, he attends the Prince of Talleyrand's last hours and he delivers l'Eloge, a funeral oration in praise of him at the Peers' Chamber, on June 8th 1838.

He dies at the Barante castle, near Le Dorat (Puy de Dome) in 1866.
 

Marie-Antoinette-Rosalie Pauline, Duchess of BAUFFREMONT

Marie-Antoinette-Rosalie Pauline de Quelen de la Vauguyon was born in 1771.

In 1787 she marries in Saint-Ildefonse (Spain) Alexandre-Emmanuel-Louis de Bauffremont, named the Prince, and later the Duke of Bauffremont (1773-1833).

About 1808, she strikes up an intense friendship with the Prince of Bénévent, friendship that, as it is always the attitude with Talleyrand towards women, will last all her life long. She was called "Talleyrand's big goose because of her long neck and her unlimited admiration" for the Prince.

Princess Hélène de Bauffremont (1774-1836) was her sister-in-law and the second of her sons, Théodore, marries in 1819 young Laurence de Montmorency, elder sister of the future Duchess of Valençay, Alix de Montmorency.

Duchess of Bauffremont's husband dies of cholera in 1833 and she dies in 1847.
 

Louis-Francois Bertin de Veaux

Louis-Francois Bertin de Veaux was born in Paris in 1771, five years after his brother Louis-

Francois, called the eldest Bertin, founder of the Journal des Débats in 1799.

He helps his brother with the direction of the journal and at the same time managing a bank he had founded in 1801.

He is named vice-president of the Commerce Court, follows Louis XVIII to Gand, is deputy in 1820 and Senior Member of the Council of State in 1827.

He resigns in 1829 and predicts the 1830 Revolution, is called back to the Council of State and becomes a Peer of France in 1832.

He dies in 1842.
 

Bruno-Gabriel-Paul, Marquis of Boisgelin

Bruno-Gabriel-Paul de Boisgelin, Marquis of Boisgelin in 1819, was born in 1767.

Infantry captain in 1789, he emigrates and takes part in the Quiberon affair (1795).

Royalist with all his soul and a zealous legitimist he draws attention to himself because of his love affair with Aimée de Coigny, divorced from Montrond, who helps him efficiently in the discreet approach of Talleyrand with the aim of prepraring the Bourbons' comeback.

Boisgelin is successively master of the King's wardrobe (1814), Peer of France (1815), colonel of the National Guard of Paris and first chamberlain to the King in 1820.

This same year 1820, Madame de Coigny dies, after having named Talleyrand her sole legatee.

The Marquis of Boisgelin dies in Paris in 1827.
 

Charles-Marie-Isidor de Bourbon, Don Carlos

Charles-Marie-Isidor de Bourbon, Spain infante, younger brother of infante Ferdinand, later Ferdinand VII, was born in 1788. At his father Charles IV 's abdication, he has to give up all his rights and follow his elder brother and their uncle don Antonio to their exile in Valençay (1808-1814).

Back in Spain, he marries in 1816 the daughter of Jean IV, King of Portugal. Displeased with the fourth wedding of his brother the King, he is against the abolition of the Salic law and he is exiled to Portugal.

At the King's death he leads the carlist movement and pushes Spain to the civil war. Defeated, he has to retire to France and live in Bourges, at the Panette hotel, from 1839 to 1845.

His description, noted while staying in Châteauroux, in 1839 is the following: "51 years old, 1,62m tall, red thinning long hair, red eyebrows, bare forehead, grey red deep eyes, aquiline nose, somewhat long chin, big mouth, red beard, long but thin side whiskers, reddish moustache falling on the lips, talks through his nose, always looks at you with his head constantly inclined on his chest, without bending his back, almost always smiling, his manners have no dignity".

Don Carlos dies in Triest in 1855.
 

André de Castellane

Boniface-Louis-André de Castellane, from an old Provence family, having the Charron de Ménars en Blésois among his relatives, was born in 1758 in Paris.

Married a first time in 1789, he is noted for his liberal mind. Nevertheless imprisoned under the Terror, he ows his life to Robespierre's death.

Named prefect of Basses-Pyrénées in 1802, he is outstandingly intelligent but of " unruly activity". He sees the Princes of Spain in Bayonne in 1808 and marries again in 1810 a Rohan-Chabot, his first wife's cousin. He is dismissed from office the same year.

He becomes deputy of Basses-Pyrénées and Peer of France in 1815, he is named lieutenant-general in 1816 and hereditary count-peer in 1819. Always very interested in liberalism, his salon, very brilliant, is open to the greatest number. He even becomes hereditary marquis-peer in 1829.

Father of the future Marshal of Castellane (1788-1862) he dies in Paris in 1837 and is buried in Aubergenville.
 

Lady CLANRICARDE

Unique daughter of the influent George Canning (1771-1827), lawyer, member of the Chamber of Commerce, then Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, then Prime Minister, Henriette Canning was born in 1804.

She marries in 1825 the politician Ulick-John de Burgh (1802-1874), made Marquis of Clanricarde on this occasion. The latter is from an old Irish family. He sits at the Chamber of Commons in 1826. He is Foreign Office Secretary from 1825 to 1827 and member of the Privy Council of the English Crown in 1830.

It is during the time at the London embassy that the Prince of Talleyrand and especially Madame de Dino take up a close friendship with this authentic representant of the British aristocracy, with good manners but a lack of heart. Lady Clanricarde, one of the numerous guests in 1834 in Berry, dies in 1876.
 

Duchess of Courlande

Anne-Charlotte-Dorothée de Medem was born in 1761. In 1779 she marries the Duke Pierre II de Courlande (1724-1800), 37 years older than herself, a rough, violent man with unforseeable fits of rage, but extremely wealthy.

The Duchess prefers her personal Löbichau domain, where life is one of a small German court, to the castle of Sagan.

Knight Batowski, Count Pahlen, the handsome Baron of Armfelt are succesively the lovers of the young duchess. Her four legitimate daughters are known : they are all famous at the Congress of Vienna.

The last one, Dorothée, born in 1793, is for a while promised to the Duke or Berry, in exile in Mittau It is without reckoning on the meeting in Warsaw of Batowski and Talleyrand already bound by financial interests and the influence of Tsar Alexander who sees a way of showing his gratitude to the advice of the Prince of Bénévent and agrees to the wedding of Dorothée and Edmond de Périgord, His Highness' nephew. Living in Paris at Talleyrand's, from spring 1809 on, the duchess becomes rapidly the Prince's intimate friend. In summer 1811 she rents the Châteauneuf of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, soon transformed into an anti-Napoleon office. She comes to Valençay under the Restoration and is given the best room.

She dies in Löbichau in 1821 and Talleyrand mourns her very much.
 

Emmerich de Dalberg

Emmerich de Dalberg, Baron Charles-Théodore' s nephew, who is famous as Primate Prince and Great Duke of Frankfurt on Main, was born in Mainz in 1773.

Slender and not very tall, he is a friend of the Baron of Vitrolles, an emigre. Interested in money, he is soon in contact with Talleyrand and our two shrewed businessmen are often hand in glove: both are mingled in numerous dealings.

Created French Duke (1810) and covered with kindness by Napoleon, Dalberg is nevertheless not very careful in his conversation: Napoleon, aware of it, doesn't react.

Dalberg is again Talleyrand's instrument during the Bourbons' comeback in 1814 and takes part in the Congress of Vienna. Later on, he is French Ambassador to Turin, is created hereditary peer duke. He rallies the July Monarchy and dies in Herrnsheim, near Worms, in 1833.
 

Alexandre, Duke of Dino

Alexandre-Edmond de Talleyrand-Périgord was born in Paris in 1813. He is the second son of Edmond de Talleyrand-Périgord, Duke of Dino and his famous wife Dorothée, born Princess of Courlande. Therefore one of Talleyrand's grand-nephews.

Alexander I, Emperor of Russia, is his famous god-father. Attracted by the sea, he becomes a lieutenant of navy on January 1st 1833 but resigns in 1835.

He becomes Duke of Dino in his father's right, Edmond, at the death of his grand-father Archambaud in April 1838 and, by courtesy, Marquis of Talleyrand.

In 1839 he marries in Cellettes (Loir et Cher) Valentine de Sainte Aldegonde whose mother is the owner of the castle of Beauregard.

We find Alexander as a staff officer in the Sardinian army in 1848. Captain of the 1st Regiment of the Foreign Legion in 1855, he takes part in the Crimean war and is present at the Sebastopol siege.

He frequently stays at Valençay. It 's also there that he finishes in 1850 the writing of his Souvenirs of the Lombardy War during the years 1848 and 1849, long after having published in 1841 a very interesting Notice on Beauregard Castle.

When he dies in Florence in 1894 he is already a widower of three years.

Of his 6 children, two died at an early age. The other four are:

1- Clémentine (1841-1881), married in 1860 in Sagan to Alexandre, Count Orlowski (1816-1893) hence descendance ;

2- Maurice (1843-1917), 2nd Marquis of Talleyrand, 4th Duke of Dino, engaged in the 3rd regiment of African troops (chasseurs d'Afrique) in 1860 then lieutenant of the chasseurs of the Guard. Married and divorced twice from American women, he only has one daughter from his first wife Palma (1871-1952) who marries in 1890 Mario, Prince Ruspoli, Prince of Poggio-Suasa (1867-1963) hence descendance. During her youth Palma stays at Valençay ;

3- Elisabeth (1844-1880), married in 1863 in Günthersdorf in Silesia to Hans, Count of Oppersdorf (1832-1877) hence descendance ;

4- Archambaud (1845-1918), 3rd Marquis of Talleyrand, lieutenant colonel in the Prussian army, major of the Imperial Prussian Guard, married in 1876 to Marie de Gontaut-Biron, daughter of the French Ambassador to Berlin, who had four children:

a) Anne-Hélène (1877-1945), married in 1907 to Edouard Dreyfus y Gonzalez, Count then Duke of Premio Real (1876-1941) hence descendance ;

b) Félicie (1878-1981), married in 1907 to Louis (Edouard's brother) Dreyfus y Gonzalez, Marquis of Villahermosa (1874-1965) hence descendance, with among their grand-children Béatrix Gonzalez de Andia, delegate at the Artistic Department of Paris;

c) Hély (1882-1968), 4th Marquis of Talleyrand then 7th Duke of Talleyrand and Dino, 6th Duke of Sagan at the death in 1952 of his cousin Boson of the Talleyrand-Valençay branch. Married to an American in 1958 he dies without any descendance ;

d) Alexandre (1883-1925), Count of Talleyrand, cavalry officer in the Prussian army, divorces from Anne-Marie Röhr (married in 1914) and dies without descendance.
 

Edmond, Duke of Dino

Alexandre-Edmond de Talleyrand-Périgord, younger, unfortunate brother of Count Louis de Talleyrand-Périgord (1784-1808) was born in 1787. Both brothers, nephews of the Prince of Bénévent have a military career ; in 1807 they are Marshal Berthier's aide-de-camps.

Edmond was in Madrid on May 2nd 1808. Colonel of the 8th Cavalry in 1812, he takes part in the Russian Campaign.

In the meantime he marries in 1808, Princess Dorothée de Courlande under pressure from his uncle; this union is not a happy one.

Field Marshall in 1814, he is named Duke of Dino in 1817, simultaneously with his uncle, zelous in defending the King of Naples' interests at the Congress of Vienna.

Edmond is still active in the Pyrénées Army in 1823 and at the end of his career he is named general inspector of the cavalry (1827) before he is put on the reserve list in 1831.

He retires in Florence where he marries again in 1864 and he dies in 1872.

From his first marriage were born Napoléon-Louis, Duke of Valençay (1811) and Alexandre-

Edmond, Duke of Dino after his father (1818) and Joséphine-Pauline, future Marchioness of Castellane (1820).
 

Dorothée, Duchess of Dino

Dorothée, born Princess of Courlande (1793), Countess Edmond of Périgord (1809) and Duchess of Dino in 1817, title under which she passed into posterity, becomes Duchess of Talleyrand in 1838 and Duchess of Sagan in 1845.

She has a special type of beauty, she is outstandingly intelligent, is fond of intrigues and secrets and her large black eyes conceal with difficulty her fine nature. Disappointed with her first loves she quickly knows how to obtain the favourite place beside the Prince of Talleyrand, her grand-uncle, devotes herself totally to him and keeps his memory alive.

Neverless she has other affairs and many admirers suffer ; she always recommends her letters to be destroyed which was usually the case but for a few exeptions.

When she dies in 1862, all but royal in her Sagan castle, far away from France, her descendants are numerous ; she is considered to be one of the grand-mothers of Europe.

"What a woman Madame de Dino ! "writes in 1829 Count Rodolphe Apponyi.
 

Dussek

Johann-Ladislas Dussek was born in Bohemia in 1760 from a musician father. While seriously studying he has a very strong liking for music which attracts the attention of the aristocrats of the time. So he travels throughout Europe from place to place.

As a piano virtuoso he plays for Queen Marie-Antoinette in 1786 ; she tries to retain him in France. after a short stay in Italy he comes back to France in 1788.

Doubtless fearing the excess of the Revolution, but also very in love with the wife of the German harpist Krumpholtz, Miss Steckler, he flies with her to England. Driven himself to despair Krumpholtz throws himself into the River Seine (1790).

From now on, as a well-known artist, Dussek is the first one to make the piano "sing" and give it its real place in concerts. He accepts the position of music director of the Prince of Bénévent after the death of Prince Louis-Ferdinand of Prussia, killed in the battle of Saalfeld in 1806 and to whom he was very attached.

Overweight at an early age for he lacks of physical activity, he has to take drugs and dies in Paris in 1812 at the age of 52.

He leaves an important work which is little played nowadays but his "Piano Method" '(1796) is still well-known.
 

Amédée Godeau d'ENTRAIGUES

Amédée Godeau d'Entraiguese was born in Chatillon-sur-Indre in 1785 ; he often stays in Valençay. As a young imperial marine officer he is wounded at the battle of Trafalgar (1805). Honorary State Counselor he is sub-prefect successively in Lille, Gorkum (then joined to France) and Saint-Pol- en-Ternois.

He marries in great pomp in Valençay on November 8th 1806 a niece of Pope Pie VI, Anna Publicola, daughter of Antoine, Prince of Santa-Croce and Princess Falconieri. This young lady is one of the preferred wards of the Talleyrands. The Prince calls her "Nanette" or "his dear "Nana".

At the fall of the Empire Monsieur d'Entraigues leaves his public duties but in 1830 he accepts the nomination of prefect of Indre-et-Loire and keeps it until 1847. His stay in Touraine is well-known for several useful creations, especially in the domain of communications. A great humanist, but without much ambition, he refuses several times the promotion offered to him until the time when he falls into disgrace after having been totally devoted to Louis-Philippe's government. Talleyrand who held him in affectionate esteem is no longer then to stand him by.

He retires to his castle of La Moustière near Vicq-sur-Nahon (Indre) where he dies in 1856.
 

Jules Godeau D'ENTRAIGUES

Younger brother of Amédée d'Entraigues, grand-prefect of Indre-et-Loire, Jules d'Entraigues was born in 1787 and prepares for a military career. As a sub-lieutenant in the 19th cavalry regiment, he takes part in the campaigns of 1807 ; he is wounded in Dantzig. Again wounded in 1809, he retires to Entraigues not far away from La Moustière.

Under the Restoration, he becomes general counsellor of Indre. He votes with the Prince of Talleyrand. In 1834 he is chosen by the county college to represent the Indre Department at the Chambre des Députés to the detriment of general Bertrand, candidate of the republican opposition. He keeps this position untill 1837. Then he is major of Vicq-sur-Nahon until 1849.

His wife, born Agathe Godeau d'Abloux, a cousin, accompanies him regularly in his friendly visits to the lords of Valençay castle.

The prince's death puts them less in the limelight and the revolution of 1848 puts an end to the local fame of the couple.

Victims of a swindler, in whom they had full confidence, Monsieur and Madame d'Entraigues are drawn to the State of Tennessee, America, where they are totally ruined and disappear sadly and penniless without leaving any trace.
 

Ferdinand VII

Son of King Charles IV and of Louise-Marie de Parme, the infant Ferdinand, later on Ferdinand VII of Spain, was born in 1784.

Influenced by his private tutor Escoiquiz, who will follow him to Valençay, he is opposed to the favourite Godoy but is surprised denouncing this latter to Napoleon and thus cowardly giving the names of his complices (1807).

Put on the throne by the Aranjuez Revolution in 1808, he turns again towards the French Emperor who, at the meeting of Bayonne, insists on the abdication of both father and son. The first one is directed to Fontainebleau whilst the second one is " imprisoned" in Valençay (1808) together with his brother Don Carlos and their uncle don Antonio.

After the enforced stay in Valençay (1808-1814) he comes back to Madrid and bans everyone with liberal ideas. The insurrection of 1820, provoked by his cruelty, makes him come under the yoke of the Cortèz who take him to Cadix at the approaching army of the Duke of Angoulème. This latter's victory restores him back to onto the throne.

His fourth wedding with Marie-Christine de Naples gives him the opportunity of restoring the right for women to succeed to the throne ; this right is abolished by Philippe V in 1713, thus favouring the birth of the carlist movement.

He dies in 1833 ; his daughter Isabelle II inherits from him.
 

August-Charles, Count of Flahaut

August-Charles, Count of Flahaut, was born in 1785. He is regarded as of Talleyrand's most famous illegitimate child (some would give him the English Sir William as father ). His mother is quite famous as a writer and is known under the name of Madame de Souza.

Flahaut has a military career and becomes Marshal Murat's aide-de-camp who names him captain in 1806.

On bad terms with his commander, he becomes major of the 13th Cavalry Regiment and then replaces Count Louis de Périgord, deceased as Berthier's aide-de-camps (1808). He falls madly in love with Queen Hortense, gives her a son in 1811, the future Duke of Morny, half-brother of Napoleon III.

Totally devoted to the Emperor, he negotiates in vain an honorable surrender of Napoleon (1814) then quickly resigns himself to a total change of attitude after Fontainebleau though he doesn't feel at ease with the Bourbons.

He leaves for England, gets married there in 1817 and reappears in France in 1819. Five years later,

he regains England and returns there definitely in 1827.

In 1830 he regains his general's epaulettes, is named extraordinary envoy and plenipotentiary minister of France in Berlin in May 1831 ; two month later he comes back to Paris, not very satisfied.

However he is named French Ambassador to England from 1842 to 1848, senator in 1853 and at last Chancellor of the Legion of Honour in 1855.

He dies in 1870, leaving five daughters he had with his legitimate wife, Margaret Mercer-Elphinstone.
 

Jean-Baptiste de Gouey, Count of la Besnardière

Jean-Baptiste de Gouey, Count of la Besnardière, from a Norman family, was born in 1765.

After his studies in Paris he intends to enter the oratory. He is the private tutor of a protestant family the, on his request works at the Foreign Office where he is rapidly promoted Minister. Soon Talleyrand-Périgord notices him and becomes attached to him for his life long.

Deputy head at the the consulate's office, he becomes in April 1805 head of the second political division then in 1807 head of the important North division. He accommpanies the Prince to the Congress of Vienna . As soon as he comes back he is named count. Moreover he is named extraordinary state counselor and director of political works.

Retired in 1816, he definitely leaves the public scene to live in his Longueplaine castle near Sorigny in Indre-et Loire.

He dies in Paris in April 1843 as a bachelor.
 

Pierre-César LABOUCHERE

Son of a linentradesman from Orthez, protestant, Pierre-César Labouchère was born in Den Haag in 1772.

A very talented businessman and a perfect gentleman, he is soon one of the most representative heads of the Bank Hope and Company in Amsterdam.

Being very often in London to negotiate with the powerful Baring bank, he soon falls in love with one of the Baring daughters, Dorothée-Elisabeth. Francis Baring, the girl's father agrees to the marriage under one condition (which is also Labouchère's) that the two competitive firms Hope and Baring become associates.

Labouchère's interventions in the economical and financial negotiations are as numerous as various. He is in constant touch with the too famous Ouvrard and is thus wringled with the latter's "problems".

Under the Restoration he takes part in the negotiations meant to ease the payment of the French debt of occupation, which leads to many protests and contradictory opinions. Anyway the liberation of the territory is officially reorganized by the Allies on September 28th 1821.

Retired from the management of the Amsterdam bank, left to one of his brothers, Labouchère can then go to Berry twice, in 1834 and 1837.

He is the very sort of business relation the Prince of Talleyrand values. In 1839 he dies in Chelmford, county of Essex, where he lived.
 

Adrien, Duke of LAVAL

Adrien de Montmorency, Duke of Laval, was born in 1768 of one of the numerous marriages between blood relations of the Montmorency family, formerly very powerful.

He marries in 1788 his cousin Bonne-Charlotte de Montmorency-Luxembourg.

At the court of Louis XVI in 1785, he emigrates during the Revolution and enlists in the Princes' army as his father's aide-de-camp. He comes back to France in 1800 but remains jobless during the Empire period.

Soon named marshal in 1814, he begins a diplomatical career. He is successively Ambassador on Madrid, Rome, Vienna then in London in 1829. There he intervenes, at Talleyrand's request, concerning the unpleasant conflicts between the young Louis, Duke of Valençay, and his father Edmond, Duke of Dino, addicted to gambling.

Peer of France and Spanish Grandee, he refuses to take oath to Louis-Philippe which doesn't stop him from welcoming the Prince of Talleyrand to his castle of Montigny-le-Gannelon (Eure-et-Loir) nor from paying him a visit in Valençay in 1836.

He dies in Paris in 1837.
 

Jeanne, Vicountess of LAVAL

Catherine-Jeanne Tavemier de Boullogne was born in 1748 of a family of financiers. She becomes Adrien, the Duke of Laval's aunt by her marriage with Mathieu-Paul-Louis, Count of Montmorency-Laval in 1765 ; this latter, second son of Guy-André-Pierre de Montmorency-Laval, is known as Marshal-Duke of Laval-Montmorency (1723-1798).

After three years of happy marriage Madame de Laval leads a whirlwind life which, after several affairs, brings her in the Bishop of Autun's arms.

Madame de Staël rescues her from the Guillotine by obtaining a passport for her and her son Mathieu (1767-1829), the famous Academician. A second son, Pierre, dies on the scaffold.

Separated from her husband, she knows emigration and lives with Count Louis de Narbonne.

Back in France, in her salon ruled by love, gambling and politics, Talleyrand and Narbonne, among others, are jealous of each other. "She changes her lovers as frequently as her years pass" says Aimée de Coigny, who adds: "Talleyrand's mistress when she was pretty, now his very demanding friend".

Madame de Laval is in Valençay in 1817. She dies in July in 1839, at the age of 90, a few weeks after Talleyrand.
 

Dorothée, Princess of LIEVEN

Dorothée de Benkendorf was born in Riga in 1785. In 1800 she marries Christophe, Prince of Lieven (1770-1839), of a family from Livonia, who as a general becomes Russian Ambassador in London from 1812 to 1834.

Described as a tall, slender woman with incomparable charm, Madame de Lieven is known for her brilliant conversation and her musical talents. Her famous London salon is the meeting place of the most informed men. Thus she plays a big part in the political affairs across the Channel.

After a short stay in Paris in the autumn of 1835 she finally settles down rue de Rivoli with the necessary permission of the Tsar. In June 1836 she goes to Valençay for an unforgettable stay, which Madame de Dino strongly dislikes.

It is at this time that Madame de Lieven is "very friendly" with Guizot and becomes his restless Egeria.

At Talleyrand's death Madame de Lieven rents the Mezzanine of the Mansion n°2, rue de Saint-Florentin from the new owner the Baron of Rothschild. Madame de Dino is very shocked.

The Princess of Lieven dies in 1817 in the very same room Talleyrand died.
 

Doctor Mège

Doctor Jean-Baptiste Mège was born in Saint-Amand-Tallende (Puy-de-Dôme) in 1737.

His medical studies, started in Clermond-Ferrand end in Paris in 1813 when he obtains his degree after his thesis Essay on toilet articles which may be dangerous to health.

He is part of the medical commission which has to examine the population in the North East of France, affected by the typhus epidemic.

In 1815 he settles down in Meulan where he stays four years until he meets the Prince of Talleyrand who wants him to accompany him in all his trips to the Provinces and especially to Valençay.

Member of the Medecine Academy in 1825 he is well known for his devotion during the cholera epidemic which strikes the capital in 1832.

Because of his progressive opinions he is not allowed to pass the agregation of medecine and it is unknown for what reasons he leaves Talleyrand's service in 1836. The Prince prefers the "young Doctor Cogny", Marjolin's student ; probably because of political reasons.

Cofounder of the Phrenology Society, Doctor Mège has left an important number of publications about medecine and politics. He dies in Saint-Cyr-sur Loire (Indre-et -Loire) in 1871.
 

François MIGNET

Born in 1796, the great writer, member of the French Academy (1836), permanent Secretary of the Academy of moral and political sciences comes to Valençay in August 1837.

Like Talleyrand he is a liberal but Madame de Dino finds his too serious conversations too boring .

After the revolution of 1830 he accepts the title of Counsellor of State as Director of the Foreign Office Archives. This is very useful for his historical writings.

Among the Notices he reads concerning the men of his time at the tribune of the Academy of moral and political sciences, are noticed among others the ones about Siéyes, Broussais and of course Talleyrand, the latter is pronounced at the public session on May 11th 1839.

A man of science and study, Mignet devotes all his retirement to History.

He dies in 1884.
 

Mathieu, Count MOLE

Born in Paris in a family of well-known magistrates, Mathieu-Louis, Count Molé, becomes Counsellor of the Council of State in 1809 then general director of the department of civil engineering and lastly in 1813 Minister of Justice.

Although quite capricious in politics, he stays in the background during the first Restoration and resumes his former functions during the "Hundred Days". On Louis XVIII's return he is confirmed in his duties and his title of Peer of France.

Later, hostile to Charles X and the impudent policy led by Polignac, he is the first to join Louis-Philippe. In charge of the Foreign Office from 1830 on, he becomes President of the Council twice, once in 1836 and in 1837.

It is also from 1830 that he becomes Madame de Dino's confident ; he is that time influenced by Marshall of Castellane's wife, the beautiful Cordélia Greffulhe, who only accepts two ladies in her salon: the Duchess of Dino precisely and the Princess of Lieven.

Invited to Valençay and to Rochecotte by Madame de Dino, Molé doesn't seem to respond.

Guizot's manoeuvres force him to give up his important positions in 1839 and as compensation he is made a member of the French Academy in 1840. Deputy of the Gironde at the Constituent Assembly of 1848, he is soon victim of his changing opinions.

Arrested on December 2nd 1851, he is soon released and leads then a private life.

He dies in 1855.
 

Juliette, Countess Mollien

Daughter of a first Finance clerk, Adélaïde-Rosalie, called Juliette Collart-Dutilleul, was born in 1785. She becomes the second wife of Count Nicolas-François Mollien (1758-1850) in August 1802, a few weeks before Talleyrand marries Madame Grand.

Her husband is known for his ability to redress the public finances as Treasury Minister from 1806 to the fall of the Empire and during the "Hundred Days". He becomes Peer of France in 1819.

Their Jeurre castle, north of Etampes, with a big park along the road to Paris is a practical stopping place for Talleyrand's berlin, on his way to or from Valençay when he goes through Orléans.

Particularly distinguished, Countess Mollien is one of the ladies-in-waiting of Queen Marie-Amélie.

Shie dies in 1878.
 

Anne-Charles-François, Duke of MONTMORENCY

The above-mentioned Duke of Montmorency was born in 1768 of one of the four branches of the Montmorency family, Marquis of Fosseux. He marries Caroline de Goyon-Matignon in 1784.

Made Count of Montmorency and of the Empire in 1810, he becomes in 1814 major general of the National Guard of Paris then Peer of France. General Counselor of Eure-et-Loir where he owns the Courtalain castle, he is made duke-hereditary peer in 1817.

His usual residence is in Auteuil. He is a guest at Valençay when the Duke of Orléans stays there in 1834.

He dies in 1846, a few weeks after his wife, leaving his fortune to his three children: Raoul known as Baron of Montmorency (see later), Laurence, Duchess of Bauffremont and Alix, Duchess of Valençay.
 

Raoul, Baron of MONTMORENCY

Like his father, who has just been quoted, Raoul de Montmorency is a distant cousin of Adrien, Duke of Laval.

Raoul was born in 1790. Chamberlain of Napoleon I under the Empire, he is then aide-de camp of the Duke of Orléans (future Louis-Philippe) in 1815.

In 1821 he marries Euphémie de Harchies, the widow of one of his uncles, Count Joseph-Thibault de Montmorency ; they have no children. His sister Laurence is already Princess of Beauffremont since 1819, his sister Alix is Duchess of Valençay in 1829.

Under Louis-Philippe he appears to be very close to the King's sister Madame Adélaïde. He is at Valençay during the visit of the Duke of Orléans in 1834.

He dies in 1862 after having received the title of duke which his father had in 1846.
 

Philippe-François-Casimir, Count of MONTROND

Philippe-François-Casimir, Count of Mouret and Montrond was born in Besançon in 1769.

Suffering from a malformation of his little finger he is constantly obliged to wear a glove.

Nevertheless he starts a military career in 1785 and goes to England during the Revolution together with the beautiful Aimée de Coigny (1769-1820), newly separated from her first husband, the Duke of Fleury.

Montrond and his companion come back back to France in 1793. Soon arrested and imprisoned, they are sent to the Saint-Lazare's gail ; there the lovely Aimée becomes the poet André Chéniers's young captive.

Free in 1794, the lovers get married and go back to England for their honeymoon but they divorce in 1802.

As soon as he is back in Paris, Montrond frequents again the fashionable salons. Noticed for his elegance, his ease and his caustic mind, sometimes sarcastic, sometimes smooth-tongued, he is very handsome and in front of the dumbfounded ladies, he seems a "fair, soft and cosy" person and they even compare him to an "Adonis on Hercule's shoulders".

Talleyrand is not long in making a friend of him, even an ally in doubtful business: the contemporaries see in him Monsieur de Talleyrand's damned soul or bossom friend.

Thereby dubious agent, confirmed gambler, Talleyrand's compelled mediator at the Stock Exchange, having no scruples and therefore contemptible, Montrond almost always satisfies Talleyrand. Their quarrels never last as they need each other contantly. On the other hand, Madame de Dino doesn't trust him and she lets him know it, especially in Valençay in 1834.

He dies in October 1843.
 

Sigismund, Ritter von Neukomm

Sigismund Ritter von Neukomm was born in Salzburg in 1778.

He starts studying music at the age of seven. Titular organist at 16, he is soon tutor of the choir of the Court Theatre and then goes to Vienna to study under the direction of Joseph Haydn (1797).

In 1804 he goes to Saint Petersburg then to Moscow (1805). From there he goes to Berlin via the Baltic countries. Back in Vienna in February 1809, he leaves the imperial city for Montbéliard, property of the King of Wurttemberg. He goes to Paris in 1809 and in 1810. The Princess of Vaudémont introduces him to Talleyrand who employs him after Dussek's death (1812). He becomes Talleyrand's devoted friend and is kept and looked after at Talleyrand's for more than 20 years.

Neukomm follows Talleyrand at the Congress of Vienna when, on January 21st 1815, his great Requiem in ut minor is played in memory of Louis XVI before the whole Europe assembled.

In 1816 he sails for Rio de Janeiro where he lives for five years.

On his return he often plays in the salon of the Duchess of Courlande and Madame de Vaudémont introduces him with success to the Orléans family.

He travels to Italy, Belgium, Germany and Switzerland. he is sometimes said to be Talleyrand's secret agent.

Neukomm dies in Paris in 1858 leaving a work somewhat forgotten of more than 2000 numbers, some of them even composed in Valençay.
 

Madame Adélaïde d'ORLEANS

Eugénie-Adélaïde-Loise d'Orléans is more known under the name of Madme Adélaïde.

She was born in 1777. Younger sister of King Louis-Philippe, she is educated like him by Madame de Genlis. Very authoritarian, she is her life long her brother's intellectual guide. A capable woman with a great political sense, she works at rallying the liberal party around the Duke of Orléans under the Restoration.

Talleyrand, assisted by Madame de Dino, certainly supports her action which ends with Louis-Philippe's crowning.

While at the London Embassy, Talleyrand and Madame Adélaïde keep on writing daily which irritates the Foreign Office Minister who doesn't like diplomatic affairs being treated by a group.

She never comes to Valençay but she was so close to Talleyrand and his niece that she must be mentioned.

She never marries but some say that she had an affair with the General Athalin, aide-de-camp of the Duke of Orléans before he ascends to the throne.

She dies in 1847.
 

Ferdinand, Duke of ORLEANS

Elder son of the future King Louis-Philippe, Ferdinand was born in 1810, under the name of Duke of Chartres. He is an outstanding student at the college Henry IV where he has many friends, among them young Napoléon-Louis de Talleyrand-Périgord, future Duke of Valençay.

Colonel of the Hussards in 1825, he joines his father with his regiment in July 1830. Then, once his father is on the throne, he is given the title of Duke of Orléans.

After having taken part in the battle of Anvers in 1832, where he is in command of the advanced guard, he is Talleyrand's prestigious guest in Valençay in autumn 1834. It's the break in Talleyrand's life, before leaving his public activities.

In 1835 he leaves for North Africa where for a year he leads numerous battles throughout Africa, some still quite legendary.

He is said to have had a love affair with Alix de Montmorency, Duchess of Valençay.

In 1842 he suddenly dies in a carriage accident, due to his bolting horses.

Madame de Dino, now Duchess of Talleyrand, writes to his secretary Monsieur de Boismilon "that she had lost a friend who allowed (her) to love him like a son with pride".

Thereby the Duke of Orléans is remembered as a very popular prince, friendly, generous and courageous, a great friend of the arts and the artists, above all very liberal.
 

Joséphine Pauline de PERIGORD, Marchioness Henri de CASTELLANE

Joséphine-Pauline de Talleyrand-Périgord was born in Paris in December 1820. She is the third legitimate child of Madame de Dino and the younger sister of Louis, Duke of Valençay and of Alexandre, future Duke of Dino. However there is a certain mystery about her birth and it is said that Talleyrand was probably her father. Anyway, he gives all his affection to his "dear Minette".

Pauline grows up in conventional and strict surroundings which mark her all her life. Her character is nonetheless more endearing.

In 1839 she marries Henri de Castellane who is six years older and son of Marshal of Castellane. Henri is a junior official at the State Council and deputy of Cantal.

Eight years later, in 1847, she is a widow. She thus retires from worldly life, often at the Rochecotte castle (Indre-et-Loire), a gift from her mother, leading a plain and religious life, great friend of Monseigneur Dupanloup, Bishop of Orléans who had done so much for the Prince's conversion in 1838 when he was only an abbot.

Pauline's life can be summed up in three words: intelligence, faith and tolerance. Very devoted to others, the souvenir of her kindness remained in Touraine over a long period.

She dies in 1890 in Rochecotte, leaving a daughter Mary who becomes Princess of Radziwill and who will be the providence of the French soldiers confined to Berlin during the 1870 war ; she also has a son Antoine, Cantal deputy. This latter will continue the Castellane dynasty with the famous three brothers Boni, Jean and Stanislas.
 

Théobald Piscatory

Théobald Piscatory was born in Paris in 1799.

He appears on the public scene at the time of the Greek Independance War, for which he volunteers from 1824 to 1826 ; he brings back to France the son of the famous Kanakis, "the Greek child".

From 1826 to 1831 he is widely talked about because of his love affair with Madame de Dino. In 1827 he declares at the townhall of Bordeaux the birth of a little Dorothée who becomes Madame Anvity in 1845.

In 1828 he buys the Chérigy castle in the Sarthe, at the same time when Madame de Dino settles down in Rochecotte in Indre-et-Loire.

Louis-Philippe's accession is the beginning of his political career. Land-mayor of Château-la-Vallière in 1830, general counselor in 1837, Piscatory is also deputy of Chinon untill 1843. He votes with the Constitutional Group led by Guizot.

His political career begins: he leaves for Athenes as plenypotentiary minister of the fragile King Othon. Culturally speaking, he has a remarkable influence, and once back in France, he encourages Louis-Philippe to sign the text that founds the French school of Athens (1846).

At the age of 71 he volunteers to defend Paris under siege in 1870 and dies a few days later having caught a chill. He is buried near his Chérigny castle in the family churchyard in Chenu (Sarthe).
 

Pierre-Paul ROYER-COLLARD

Pierre-Paul Royer-Collard was born in Sompuis (Marne) in 1763. He grows up under the influence of his mother Angélique Collard, a strict Jansenist.

Lawyer in Paris at an early age, he is so attracted by revolutionary ideas that he becomes vice-secretary of the Paris Commune.

Liberal and however disappointed by the excess of Revolution he retires after the day of August 10th 1792. He comes back as a deputy to the Council of the Five Hundreds in 1797. It is at that time that, dreaming of a legitimate monarchy liable to apply the best of the conquests of 1789, he becomes a member of the Secret Royal Council.

In 1804 he retires from public action to devote himself more ro philosophy.

He joins Louis XVIII cautiously, accepts to preside over the public education commission and to start the reform of University which, already at that time starts a "scholastic battle".

In 1817 he is at the head of the doctrinaire party, a gathering of diverse intellectual affinities, without any specific clear political trend.

In 1820 he resigns as a deputy and it is precisely at that time he meets with Talleyrand, his wife driving him to Châteauvieux (Loir-et-Cher) close to Valençay the following year.

Reelected as a deputy in 1821, he enters the French Academy. In 1828 Charles X names him President of the Chamber of Deputies where he leads the debates with authority and impartiality. He is the one who presents to the King the famous Address of the 221.

He supports Louis-Philippe at the beginning of his reign and he is said to be one of the fathers of the constitutional regime in France.

His somehow eventful career brings him closer to Talleyrand, his country neighbour for 18 years.

He dies in Châteauvieux in 1845 and is buried there.
 

Wilhelmine, Duchess of SAGAN

Eldest of the four daughters of the Duchess of Courlande, Wilhelmine, Princess of Courlande was born in 1781. She is the Duchess of Sagan at the death of her father in 1800.

Due to her successive marriages, she is Princess Louis de Rohan-Guéménée in June 1800, Princess Wassili Troubetzkoï in 1805 and then Countess Rodolphe de Schulenburg-Vitzenburg in 1819. She has no legitimate children.

Very beautiful, experienced in intrigues, she knows how to take advantage of her charmes at the Congress of Vienna where "the alcove is the working place of the diplomacy". Prince of Metternich is the best-known of her lovers but there are many others, including the Russian Tsar Alexander I.

She separates from her last husband in 1827 and dies in Vienna in 1839.

The Duchess of Courlande's second daughter Pauline, born in 1882, marries in 1800 Prince Frédéric of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (1776-1838) and leaves descendance.

She inherits the duchy of Sagan at the death of her older sister Wilhelminethen gives it to her youger sister Dorothée in 1844 and dies at the beginning of 1845.

The third sister is Jeanne, born in 1783 and married in 1801 with François Duke of Acerenza. She lives until 1876.

The fourth and last daughter, born ten years later, is Dorothée who is successively Princess of Courlande, Countess Edmond de Périgord in 1809 after her marriage with Edmond, Talleyrand's nephew, Duchess of Dino in 1817, Duchess of Talleyrand in 1838, Duchess of Sagan in 1845. She dies in 1862. She is the ancestor of many descendants found all over Europe.
 

Adélaïde, Countess of SAINTE-ALDEGONDE

Born in 1789, Adélaïde-Joséphine Bourlon de Chavange is the childless widow of General Augereau, Duke-Marshall of Castiglione since 1816 when in 1817 she marries for the second time Count Camille de Sainte-Aldegonde (1787-1853).

She has two daughters, Valentine and Clementine ,"whose beauty is admired at the courts which they visit several times on their way to see their father, attaché at the Russian court".

Owner of the land and castle of Beauregard en Blésois, near Cellettes, in 1830, lady-in-waiting of Queen Marie-Amélie, friend of Baron Raoul de Montmorency, Madame de Sainte-Aldegonde becomes friends with Madame de Dino.

Already invited to Valençay in 1834, she presents her two daughters in 1837. The following year Clementine dies premturely.

In 1839, about eighteen months after Madame de Talleyrand's death, Valentine marries young Alexander de Dino. For this circumstance, Monseigneur de Sauzin, Bishop of Blois, aged 85, celebrates the first wedding mass of his minister.

Note that once Talleyrand dead, Madame de Dino doesn't wait too long marrying her last bachelor children: Pauline marries Henri de Castellane on April 10th 1839 and Alexandre marries Valentine de Saint-Aldegonde on the following October 8th.
 

Louis de Beaupoil, Count of Saint-Aulaire

Louis de Beaupoil, Count of Sainte-Aulaire was born in Brittany in 1778.

Geographical engineer from Ecole polytechnique, he is the Emperor's chamberlain in 1809, then Prefect of Meuse in 1813. Still holding his office in 1814 he refuses to serve during the Hundred Days.

Deputy in 1815 and in 1818, he joins the liberal party. His daughter marries Decazes. Louis de Beaupoil takes up a literary career in 1823 and then puts up for deputy in 1827. He is made up Peer of France in 1829.

After the 1830 revolution he serves under Louis-Philippe as Ambassador in Rome (1831), in Vienna (1833) until 1841. He then goes to London and leaves all political activity in 1848.

He dies in Paris in 1854.
 

Don Joseph-Michel de Carvajal, Duke of San Carlos

Don Joseph-Michel de Carvajal, Duke of San Carlos was born in 1771.

Field marshall, Prince of Asturies' chamberlain, director of the Academy of Madrid, postal minister of India, he plays an important part in the education of infant Ferdinand - later Ferdinand VII - as he is his tutor.

Viceroy of Navarre in 1807, he is compromised in the Escurial plot which aims at overthrowing King Charles IV and because of this he is exiled to Pampelune with his sick wife.

In March 1808, after Charles IV's abdication in favour of Ferdinand VII, he enters this latter's council.

He has then to take part in the difficult negotiations of Bayonne (May 1808) with Napoleon.

The duke follows his master to Valençay, playing an important part.

He then falls in love with the Princess of Bénévent. The affair continues in Paris in autumn 1808 and it is known that the Emperor reproaches Talleyrand the behaviour of the princess, his wife, in 1809.

San Carlos is moved to Lons-le Saunier, but he is free again, being the Spanish negotiator of the Valençay treaty in Decembre 1813. Asked to take the treaty to Madrid, he comes back in February 1814 with the refusal of the Cortès.

Ferdinand nevertheless goes back to Madrid together with the duke (March 1814). San Carlos is named State minister then Grand Majordome of the Palace (1814). In October 1815 he is Ambassador to Vienna, then London (1817), then Paris (1823). Viceroy of Navarre in 1824, he comes back as an Ambassador in Paris in 1827. He dies there in July of the following year after an indigestion of rock lobsters after a meal at the Princess of Talleyrand's the previous day.
 

Archambaud de Talleyrand

Archambaud-Joseph de Talleyrand was born in Paris in 1762. He is given the prerogatives of the eldest because of the infirmity of his brother Charles-Maurice - eight years his senior. He takes up a military career at an early age and emigrates at the Revolution. He then becomes colonel of a regiment under his name for the English King from 1794 to 1796 and is present at the Quiberon affair (1795).

Handsome he attracts attention in the salons of the Empire.

Under the restoration he becomes field marshall (1814) then honorary lieutenant general (1816).

He is made Duke of Talleyrand in 1817. He is thus the founder of the branch of Talleyrand, Dukes of Valençay and Princes of Sagan due to the wedding of his son Edmond with Princess Dorothée de Courlande (1809).

Paralysed in the last years of his life, he dies in Saint-Germain-de Laye in April 1838, three weeks after the Prince.
 

Boson de Talleyrand

Boson-Jacques de Talleyrand, the youngest of the Prince's brothers, was born in Paris in 1764.

Still young, he enrolls himself in the American War of Independance and is distinguished at the battle of York-Town (1781).

Later in the Prince's army in 1791, he is captain, then lieutenant-colonel at the light infantry regiment of Périgord where his brother Archambaud is colonel.

He also takes part in the unfortunate Quiberon affair (1795) and the regiment is broken up on the Isle of Yeu in October 1795.

Not very wealthy he often needs the Prince's financial help.

Field marshall in 1814 he is governor of the castle of Saint-Germain-en-Laye. General lieutenant of the king's army he receives the great cross of Saint-Louis order in 1822 and retires as honorary lieutenant-general.

Boson dies in Paris in 1830 leaving an only daughter Georgine (1801-1868), Duchess of Esclignac in 1819.
 

Princess of Talleyrand

Catherine-Noël Worlée - alias Verlée, of pure Brittany origin, was born in Tranquebar in 1762.

Hardly fifteen years old, she marries Georges-François Grand, an English civil servant of French origins ; she soon is unfaithful to him with Sir Philip Francis, the darling of the ladies of Calcutta.

Then she sails for Europe (1780), is in London then Paris in 1782. Very soon she is Valdec de Lessart's mistress, has her portrait painted by Madame Vigée-Lebrun in 1783 and has other lovers.

Fearing the Revolution she cautiously goes back to London (1792) and comes back to Paris in 1797 where she meets for the first time Talleyrand.

The divorce from Monsieur Grand is obtained on April 7th 1798 and after the purchase in common of Pont-de-Saint estate (1801) the double marriage - civil and religious - with the citizen minister is celebrated on September 10th and 11th 1802. Catherine says she is "the happiest of women".

This new happiness continues on when in 1806, simple citizen, she becomes Princess of Bénévent.

In 1808 she welcomes the infants of Spain to Valençay and flirts with their chamberlain, the Duke of San Carlos.

On his side, Talleyrand turns away from her more and more, busy with numerous creatures of "his

seraglio". Then it is the Prince's departures for the Congress of Vienna (1814) together with his young niece Dorothée de Périgord who becomes the real mistress of the house. A modus vivendi is the subject of a contract in 1816 as well as the payment of a private income.

For a while the Princess lives in Pont-de-Sains then settles down in Paris, 87 rue de Lille.

She dies there in December 1835, three years before the one who was her husband and who had totally forgotten and neglected her for twenty years.
 

Charlotte, Baroness of Talleyrand

Elisa-Alix-Sara, said Charlotte, was born in London on October 4th 1799 of so-called unknown parents. Some see in her a daughter of the future married couple Talleyrand, born before their marriage - anyway Madame Grand is divorced since April 7th 1798 ; others accept the possibility of her being a daughter of Beauregard, thesis developed by Lacour-Gayet (book VII, chapter XXII).

It's still a mystery.

Charlotte is placed judicially under the unofficial guardianship of Talleyrand on October 6th 1807 after having already lived more than four years with the Prince and the Princess in the same house.

The exact wedding date of Charlotte with the Prince's first cousin is not exact either ; it is between October 1814 and January 1815.

Charlotte follows her husband' destiny, Alexandre-Daniel, Baron of Talleyrand (1876-1839) who is successively prefect and deputy of Loiret in 1815, re-elected in 1816 ; prefect of Aisne, Allier and Nièvre. Later on, he is prefect of Pas-de-Calais, plenipotentiary minister in Florence then Ambassador to Copenhague.

Mother of five children, two die at a very early age, Charlotte dies in Florence on January 22nd 1873.
 

Adolphe THIERS

Adolphe Thiers, "the little Thiers" was born in Marseille in 1797.

In Rochecotte at Madame de Dino's in January 1830, together with Mignet and Alexis Carrel, he founds Le National, a paper in favour of the institution in France of a constitutional monarchy, with of course Talleyrand's blessing.

Once Louis-Philippe on the throne, Thiers is named State undersecretary at the Finances'ministry from November 1830 to March 1831. Efficient and brilliant speaker, he becomes Home minister in 1832, then from April to November 1834. He is president of the Council and Foreign Affairs minister in 1836 then in 1840.

He is the author of numerous law projects in order to muzzle the press one of which must be mentioned: the diffusion of caricatures and other drawings must undergo special authorization. It is true that Louis-Philippe and also Talleyrand are often made ridiculous in the opposition papers and revues.

Made member of the French Academy in 1833, he marries the same year Elise Dosne, 21 years younger and whose mother is only three years older than Talleyrand ; he is always obliged to take along with him wife, mother-in-law and sister-in-law - to the great displeasure of Princess of Dino who dislikes this curious trio.

But it is this cumbrous trio who is received in Valençay by Talleyrand in 1837. It is also the last famous visit in Berry.

Thiers who likes to refer to the Prince sees his long political career going on. His behaviour is not appreciated by everyone when in 1871 he puts down the Commune.

Named President of the Republic that same year, he is misunderstood when in 1782 he declares he wants a republican regime and is overthrown the following year.

He dies in Saint-Germain-en Laye in 1877.
 

Marie-Thérèse, Countess TYSZKIEWITZ

Marie-Thérèse, Princess Poniatowska was born in Vienna in 1760. She is Stanislas-August, Prince Poniatowski's niece, last king of Poland and the sister of Empire's marshall Joseph (1763-1813).

She loses one eye during her childhood and is married at the age of eighteen to the Count Vincent Tyszkiewitz, public editor of Lithuania, very rich but terribly obese.

"The Princess", as Talleyrand always calls her, soon separated from her husband (circa 1785) travels through Western Europe already before the Revolution. She is seen in France but it is unknown whether she meets at that time the good-looking Abbot of Périgord, soon Bishop of Autun.

It is in Warsaw, at the same time that Napoleon falls in love with Marie Walevska (1807) that the Prince of Bénévent meets the "princess" and finds in her a precious informer. She is seen again in Paris in October 1808 where, very soon, she is said to be one of the great admires of the Prince.

She surely plays an important part next to Talleyrand. She has a very good knowledge of Central Europe, just like her rival the Duchess of Courlande.

She isn't beutiful but nevertheless follows Talleyrand everywhere, except to Vienna ; always discreet in the background, always a loyal, kind and sympathetic friend.

Retired in Tours, she dies in the autumn of 1834 and is buried in Valençay, near the Prince.
 

Louis, Duke of VALENCAY

Napoléon-Louis de Talleyrand-Périgord, made Duke of Valençay at his first wedding, was born in Paris in 1811. His father is the Count Edmond de Périgord, nephew of Talleyrand and future Duke of Dino ; his mother Dorothée known as Duchess of Dino was born Princess of Courlande.

Godson of imperial LL MM, Napoléon-Louis is his mother's preferred eldest son and Talleyrand's preferred grand-nephew.

Right after his studies he is married in 1829 to the second daughter of the Duke of Montmorency, Alix whowill give him five children of whom only three will survive (see in fine).

The husband's expenses, the wife's irresponsibily and the loss of her parents are the reasons of the deterioration of their marriage in 1846 ; the Prince is no longer there to oversee and give orders where necessary.

Peer of France in 1845, Louis becomes Duke of Sagan at his mother's death in 1862, Duke of Talleyrand at the death of his father in 1872 and he even has the title of Prince of Chalais in 1883 at the death of his cousin of the older branch, called Saint-Aignan-sur-Cher, the Duke Elie de Périgord (1809-1883).

As Duke of Sagan, his estate and his castle in Silesia give him the right to sit at the Chamber of Lords of Prussia ; he is represented by a notary until after our defeat in 1870 his seat remains empty and turned back against the wall.

Widower in 1858, he marries for the second time in 1861 Pauline de Castelleane (1823-1895), herself the widow of Count Max de Hatzfeld since 1859 and with whom she has five children. Pauline is Marshall de Castellane's daughter, sister of Marquis Henri de Castellane, Pauline's de Périgord's husband, herself Louis' sister... From this second union was born in Valençay a daughter Dorothée called Dolly (1862-1948), first married in 1881 to Prince Charles-Egon de Fürstenberg (1852-1896) and married a second time in 1898 to Jean, Count of Castellane, her first cousin's son, mentioned in the notice about Pauline de Périgord. - without any descendants.

Louis and his second wife often stay at Valençay and Sagan. their memory is still alive more than fifty years after their death.

Duke Louis dies in Berlin in 1898, having a complicated succession, difficult to settle in the following years.

From his first marriage he has three children, Valentine, Boson and Adalbert.

- Howard (1909-1929), Duke of Sagan after his father's renunciation - died without any alliance

- Helen-Violette (born in 1915) ; married to James, Count of Pourtalès, in 1937 hence descendance, then to Gaston Palewski (1901-1984) ; she takes the title of Duchess of Sagan again, transmissible through the female line ;

- Boson (1867-1952), known as Duke of Valençay, Duke of Sagan at his nephew's death, Duke of Talleyrand and Duke of Dino at his brother's death. Married three times (1901-1938-1950),
without any descendance ; Jean Morel is his sole heir ;


Louise, Princess of VAUDEMONT

Louise-Auguste-Elisabeth-Marie-Colette de Montmorency , of the Netherlands branch, was born in 1763.

In 1778, at fifteen, she is married to Joseph-Marie de Lorraine, Prince of Vaudémont, son of the famous Countess of Brionne.

Talleyrand meets her before the Revolution at the time when as a frail and languid person Madame de Vaudémont passed into a chubby, active and entertaining person.

She emigrates in 1791, settles down in Altona, near Hamburg, where she has a real court of exiles, somewhat "Jacobins" and more or less wanting to go back to France, with liberal ideas, which are dear to the Duke of Orléans. It is not excluded that, on his way back from exile in America, via Hamburg, Talleyrand meets her.

Under the Consulate and the Empire Madame de Vaudémont is often seen in the salons, especially the one rue du Bac and she has her own in Suresnes. The meetings with the Prince of Bénévent are more and more frequent, each time more familiar and more confident.

Madame de Vaudémont is a guest in Valençay where after the Duchess of Courlande's death (1821) she occupies the best room.

Very interested in politics, she plots against the imperial reprime with the enemies of the power more or less revealed such as Boisgelin, Vitrolles, Talleyrand and Dalberg.

After 1830 the Princess has "privileged entries" to the Palais-Royal and never ceases, through Madame Adélaïde's help, to assure an extra relationship between the King and the Prince of Talleyrand.

Widow already in 1812, Madame de Vaudémont dies in Paris, suddenly in the night of December 31st 1832 to January 1st 1833.
 

Eugène d'Arnaud, Baron of Vitrolles

Eugène d'Arnaud, Baron of Vitrolles, was born in Vitrolles, near Aix-de-Provence, in 1774. He emigrates, is in the Condé's army and comes back to France only in 1799.

Inspector of the imperial sheepfold in 1812, he is extraordinarily close to the Duke of Dalberg and therefore with Talleyrand.

This latter accredits him to the Allies in 1814 and has him play an important part in the transactions with the Emperor ; he also contributes to the breaking up of the Châtillon Congress.

In 1815 he tries to stir up the departments of the South of France against Napoleon, is arrested in Toulouse, exiled and ows his life to Caulaincourt, Duke of Vicence's intervention.

Politically nearer to the Count of Artois than to Louis XVIII, a handsome man, he is a success in the salonsand is apparently seduced by Madame de Dino. From 1817 to 1829 she is his faithful correspondant. The Duchess' letters are full of sometimes severe, sometimes tender words but always friendly.

Plenipotentiary minister in Toscany un 1822, he is named Peer of France in 1830. He then tries in vain to withdraw the regrettable ordonnances which end with the July revolution.

Absolute legitimist, Vitrolles is arrested during the riots of February 1831 then released, he ceases all political activity. He dies almost blind in Paris in 1854.